讲座与会议
学术讲座
学术会议
学术会议 当前位置:首页  讲座与会议  学术会议

南京审计大学城市发展研究院2017年应用经济学研讨会日程安排

时间:201792

地点:【南京审计大学中和楼401

开幕式         时间:830-900

主持人:倪金兰,江苏特聘教授,南京审计大学城市发展研究院

南京审计大学党委书记晏维龙致辞(10分钟)

南京审计大学城市发展研究院特聘院长宋顺锋致辞(10分钟)

集体合影(10分钟)

学术报告第一场      时间:9001030(每位报告人30分钟)

主持人:倪金兰,江苏特聘教授,南京审计大学城市发展研究院

贺灿飞,北京大学城市与环境学院

中国城市产业演化研究

陆铭,上海交通大学中国发展研究中心

新城之殇:密度、距离和政府债务

潘士远浙江大学经济学院

Policy Distortions, Resources Misallocation of Intra-industry and Inter-industry: The Case of China

茶歇 10301045)

学术报告第二场      时间:10451215(每位报告人30分钟)

主持人:孙杨南京审计大学经济与金融研究院执行副院长

傅十和厦门大学王亚南研究院

International Travel Costs and Local Housing Markets

程华南开大学金融学院

Market Concentration and Favoritism in Bank Loan Markets

郑捷清华大学经济管理学院

Exaggerating to Break Even: Reference-Dependent Moral Hazard in Auto Insurance Claims

午餐:【金培宾馆】  1215-1400

学术报告第三场      时间:14001530(每位报告人30分钟)

主持人:李陈华南京审计大学政府审计学院执行院长

董雪兵,浙江大学中国西部发展研究院

开发区政策与企业投资行为——基于工业企业数据的经验研究

付文林,上海财经大学公共管理学院

劳动力流动、技能溢价与制造业收敛

唐旸,新加坡南洋理工大学

Geography, Trade, and Internal Migration in China

茶歇 1530——1545)

学术报告第四场      时间:15451715(每位报告人30分钟)

主持人:宋顺锋,南京审计大学城市发展研究院特聘院长

符育明,新加坡国立大学

 

Formalization and Welfare in a Dualistic Economy: A General Equilibrium Analysis with Application to Indonesia

郑江淮南京大学经济学院

本土市场引致价值链竞争的影响效应研究

王勇,北京大学新结构经济学研究中心

Marshallian Externality, Industrial Upgrading and Industrial Policies

南京审计大学城市发展研究院特聘院长宋顺锋致闭幕辞(10分钟)

晚餐:【金培宾馆】  1730-1930


报告详细信息

学术报告第一场      时间:9001030

报告题目:中国城市产业演化研究

摘要:改革开放以来,中国城市产业不断转型升级与演化。本报告将从中国产业升级与转移切入,引入演化经济地理学视角,回顾演化经济地理学研究进展,探讨城市产业演化的路径依赖性与路径突破机会。基于中国企业和贸易产品数据,揭示中国城市产业演化的规律性和驱动机制,为中国城市产业发展寻找路径突破政策建议。

报告人简介:贺灿飞,北京大学城市与环境学院院长,北京大学博雅特聘教授,博士生导师,国家杰出青年基金获得者,教育部长江学者特聘教授,美国亚利桑那州立大学博士。担任北京大学-林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心副主任,中国区域科学协会副理事长,中国地理学会副秘书长,中国地理学会经济地理专业委员会副主任,中国区域科学协会新经济地理专业委员会副主任,全国经济地理研究会常务理事,RSA China Division常务理事和秘书长。曾为美国孟菲斯大学助理教授,UCLA高级访问学者,第四届全球经济地理大会组委会成员,世界银行咨询专家。研究领域包括外商直接投资、产业集聚以及城市与区域发展。任《地理研究》、《世界地理研究》副主编、Wiley-AAG International Encyclopedia of Geography产业地理主编,中国大百科全书第三版《地理卷》工业地理主编,为《Growth and Change》、《Eurasian Geography and Economics》、《Area Development and Policy》、《地理科学进展》、《经济地理》等杂志编委。在国内外知名杂志发表学术论文200多篇,其中SSCI/SCI/EI收入近70篇,出版独(合)著12部。曾获第九届全国青年地理科技奖、第六届教育部高等院校科研优秀成果二等奖以及华夏建设科学技术三等奖等。

 

报告题目:新城之殇:密度、距离和政府债务

摘要:中国大规模超标低效的新城建设增加了地方政府债务负债率。本文将城投债数据与新城特征数据进行匹配,研究发现,新城建设是促使地方政府发行城投债的原因之一,特别是2009年后大规模的新城建设推高了地方政府负债率;密度更高有利于降低地方政府负债率;离主城区更近会逐年降低地方政府负债率。本文将新经济地理理论运用于研究中国的新城建设模式及其对地方政府债务的影响,印证了密度和距离两个关键因素对城市经济效率的重要影响。

报告人简介:陆铭教授,上海交通大学特聘教授、中国发展研究中心主任、上海市政协委员。2001年获得复旦大学经济学博士学位。曾作为富布莱特学者在美国哈佛大学、美国国家经济研究局(NBER)工作,曾在联合国世界发展经济学研究院(UNU/WIDER)、法国巴黎第一大学、加拿大女王大学(Queen’s University)、比利时鲁汶大学 (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)、法国里尔一大、香港科技大学、法国巴黎第九大学(Université Paris Dauphine)、新加坡国立大学和法国就业研究中心(CEE)访学。研究领域为劳动经济学、城乡和区域发展、社会经济学。作为主要负责人主持过国家自然科学基金重点项目、国家社会科学基金重大项目、重点项目和一般项目、教育部重大项目等多项国家和省部级课题,以及世界银行、亚洲开发银行等国际合作研究课题。

 

报告题目:Policy Distortions, Resources Misallocation of Intra-industry and Inter-industry: The Case of China

摘要:本文研究了政府对国有企业的补贴如何影响经济动态转型的问题。我们发现:第一,政府持续对国有企业进行补贴造成了产业内和产业间的资源错配,这严重阻碍了中国经济的动态转型和产业结构升级。第二,取消对国有企业的补贴,不仅有助于引导资源配置到高效率的私营企业,解决产业内资源错配;还有利于增加高端品供给,缓解产业间资源错配所导致的供需错配。我们通过量化分析得到,取消对国有企业的补贴,可以提高约4.5%的社会福利和18%的经济增长。第三,产业内资源错配的缓解在促进社会福利改进和经济增长中,起到了约79%的主导作用;产业间供需错配的缓解贡献了约21%。因此政府应当通过取消补贴,淘汰低端产业的落后产能,加速国企在低端产业的退出,助力产业结构升级与经济增长。

报告人简介:潘士远教授,浙江大学经济学院副院长。潘士远教授在2003年毕业于浙江大学经济学院后留校任教,2005年晋升为副教授,2009年晋升为正教授,2013年开始至今担任浙江大学经济学院副院长。潘士远教授已在国内外刊物发表论文30多篇,承担多项国家级和省部级项目,其研究成果曾获浙江省哲学与社会科学优秀成果奖一等奖。

 

学术报告第二场      时间:10451215

报告题目:International Travel Costs and Local Housing Markets

摘要:This paper identifies the effect of international travel costs on local housing markets. The international travel cost is measured by whether an American city has launched a nonstop flight to a Chinese city. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we find that after an American city connected with China via a nonstop flight, local housing prices at the county level on average increased by $30000; the number of Chinese homebuyers in a county increased by 3 per month; both effects are stronger in counties closer to an airport with direct flights to China and in counties with a higher share of Chinese or Asian population. We do not find a significant increase in the number of non-Chinese homebuyers.  Our findings suggest that the spatial equilibrium model based on inter-city migration within a country can be largely generalized to international migration. Our study also contributes to the literature on the economics of air travel and out-of-town homebuyers.

报告人简介:傅十和教授,厦门大学王亚南研究院。傅十和教授博士毕业于美国波士顿学院,主要研究领域包括创新策略与产业分析城市与房地产经济学、劳动经济学、环境经济学、应用计量经济学,在Journal of Public EconomicsJournal of Labor EconomicsUrban StudiesJournal of Regional ScienceJournal of Urban Economics 等国外著名期刊发表论文十余篇,具有丰富的英文写作和发表经验,2012年在格致出版社出版《《如何撰写并发表英文经济学论文》一书,取得了良好的社会影响。

 

报告题目:Market Concentration and Favoritism in Bank Loan Markets

摘要:This paper analyzes costly favoritism related to physical attractiveness and gender in bank loan markets using a market structure-based method. The rationale is that a concentrated market provides more space for loan officers to discriminate against a certain group of borrowers. Using several unique datasets and online maps containing information on market structure and household finance, we find that loan officers prefer good-looking people and males in relatively risky commercial/industrial loan markets. On the other hand, females and especially young good-looking females have an advantage in mortgage loan markets. Although the disadvantage of bearing and raising children cannot be easily disentangled from discrimination in labor markets, it does not pose an issue in mortgage loan markets. We interpret these different patterns of favoritism as a result of differential risk levels associated with the two types of loans. 

报告人简介:程华助理教授,南开大学金融学院,美国德克萨斯大学奥斯丁分校经济学博士。主要研究领域为公司金融、银行及公共经济学。目前的研究涉及政治关联对银行风险的影响、CEO股权激励的作用、贸易协定的政治考虑等。

 

报告题目:Exaggerating to Break Even: Reference-Dependent Moral Hazard in Auto Insurance Claims

摘要:The effects of asymmetric information are often difficult to detect empirically, such as in insurance settings (Chiappori, Jullien, Salanie and Salanie, 2006). We show that allowing for the possibility of reference-dependent preferences can assist with this identification challenge. Using detailed auto insurance claims data and adopting the methodology of Allen, DeChow, Pope and Wu (forthcoming) which studies reference-dependence in marathon finishing times, we show that policy holders exaggerate their damage claims in a manner consistent with reference-dependent moral hazard with the original premium as a reference point. Consistent with our theoretical model of reference-dependent moral hazard, we find greater tendencies to recover the premium amount in the second half of the coverage year compared to the first half, and stronger effects among policyholders’ first claims compared to subsequent claims. The reference-dependent effect is stronger among policyholders with higher premium levels and those deemed low risk by the insurance company, and is concentrated among more expensive cars and older cars. We do not find robust patterns in the concentration of insurance claims at round number percentages less than the full premium amount, such as 90% or 80%, nor at percentages greater than the premium amount such as 110%. This implies that the unnatural claim behavior is motivated significantly by reference-dependence around the original premium rather than merely wanting to increase one’s claims more generally. Since the claims can only be this precisely manipulated by the policy holder after an accident, the findings can be attributed specifically to ex-post moral hazard but not adverse selection or ex-ante moral hazard. Our study demonstrates the potential of behavioral frameworks in assisting identification challenges for classic economic problems.

报告人简介:郑捷助理教授,清华大学经济管理学院。Professor Zhen is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics and Executive Associate Director of the Tsinghua Economic Science and Policy Experimental Laboratory (ESPEL), School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University. He is an Associate Editor for Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. His current research topics include rational bubbles, self-control, social preferences, reference-dependence, optimization in transportation systems and various topics on strategic interactions, experimental design and mechanism design. His research papers have been published in or accepted by journals including Nature Communications, American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings), Games and Economic Behavior, Experimental Economics, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Economics Letters, Automation and Remote Control, and Chinese Economy.

 

学术报告第三场      时间:14001530

报告题目:开发区政策与企业投资行为——基于工业企业数据的经验研究

摘要:区位导向性政策(place-based policy)是中国实现三十多年经济高速增长的重要载体,尤其是各级政府招商引资的重要平台。本文从目标、选址、政策等角度对比了中国与欧美区位导向性政策,并在此基础上利用2000-20072011-2013年工业企业数据库及《中国县域统计年鉴》研究了县级开发区政策对外商投资行为的影响。实证研究发现,中国的开发区政策对县级单位的招引外资作用在数量上明显,且税收优惠政策是开发区政策吸引外资的重要渠道,但在质量上却收效甚微。与此同时,本文分别以未曾设立过开发区的县级单位以及后期设立为开发区的县级单位为控制组,采用DIDPSM-DID)的方法实证研究发现,对于前者开发区政策确实有显著的吸引外资的作用,但是后者,实证结果并不显著。基于分析,本文认为,政府在吸引外资时应更注重质量,而非仅仅是外资数量的增长。

报告人简介:董雪兵教授,浙江大学中国西部发展研究院常务副院长。经济学教授,博士生导师。工学学士,法学硕士,经济学博士,2007年在国家发展改革委挂职一年,2012年赴美国芝加哥大学访学一年。现任浙江大学区域协调发展研究中心副主任、中国西部发展研究院常务副院长、“一带一路”战略研究中心执行主任。

 

报告题目:劳动力流动、技能溢价与制造业收敛

摘要:近年来我国地区间制造业劳动生产率在逐渐收敛,而服务业劳动生产率的差距依然在扩大。本文利用跨省劳动力流动和制造业分行业数据,研究了劳动力流入的技术结构对地区间制造业劳动生产率收敛的影响及内在机制。研究发现我国地区间制造业劳动生产率存在显著的条件β收敛;高技术劳动力流动所带来的技术扩散、技能溢价进而生产成本增加效应,在不同发展阶段起主导作用的因素不同,工资和房价快速上升引发制造业的跨地区梯度转移,会加快地区间制造业劳动生产率收敛。本文的研究意味着要素市场的价格机制和劳动力流动,长期中能够修正区域经济发展的不平衡。

报告人简介:付文林教授,上海财经大学公共经济与管理学院副院长、讲席教授;中国财政学会理事、上海市税务学会理事;入选教育部新世纪优秀人才计划;曾获全国优秀博士学位论文奖、上海市第十三届哲学社会科学优秀成果奖、第七届高等学校科学研究优秀成果奖、第十三届孙冶方经济科学奖(合作)等奖项。付文林的主要研究领域为政府间财政关系、地区经济发展和收入分配。他目前主持国家社会科学基金重大招标项目、国家社会科学基金重点项目、国家自然科学基金面上项目各1项。他在《经济研究》、《管理世界》、《经济学季刊》和《世界经济》等期刊发表学术论文30余篇。

 

报告题目: Geography, Trade, and Internal Migration in China

摘要:We quantitatively evaluate the income and welfare impacts of intercity migrations in China. We develop a multi-city, multi-sector general equilibrium model with endogenous city and firm size distributions and imperfect labor mobility. We structurally estimate the model with data from 279 prefecture-level cities and real-world transportation networks. We find that intercity migration between 2000 and 2005 is able to explain 22 percent of the change in real income in the data. However, about 17.8 percent of the gain in real income is offset by the higher congestion costs in large cities. The gain from migration is concentrated in large cities with migration inflows, leaving more than half of the population with lower real income and the entire country with higher spatial inequality. We estimate the destination-specific entry barriers for some major Chinese cities, and find that the barriers often serve to protect the interest of the local residents at the expense of national welfare. We find that internal trade liberalization reduces the spatial income inequality and thus discourages migration. In contrast, international trade liberalization induces more migration from inland to coastal cities, which in turn amplifies the gains from trade by 128 percent compared with a standard trade model.

报告人简介:唐旸助理教授,新加坡南洋理工大学。Professor Tang is an Assistant Professor at Division of Economics, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Prior to joining NTU, She obtained her Ph.D. in Economics from Washington University in St. Louis. Her research interests include growth and development, urban economics, and international trade.

 

学术报告第四场      时间:15451715

报告题目:Formalization and Welfare in a Dualistic Economy: A General Equilibrium Analysis with Application to Indonesia

摘要:We present a general equilibrium model of dualistic formal and informal sectors of a developing economy characterized by La Porta & Shleifer (Journal of Economic Perspective 2014). The model, inspired by Meltiz (Econometrica 2003), captures the heterogeneity between the sectors in terms of entrepreneur skills, trade, firm size and productivity, and fixed regulatory cost. It provides a micro foundation for analyzing both demand-side and supply-side determinants of formalization. The first part of the paper presents a model economy comprising two regions with different cost of exporting to global market by formal entrepreneurs who incur a fixed regulatory cost. The labor endowment has a continuous skill distribution. Perfectly mobile workers choose to be an employee or an entrepreneur according to their skill level. Each firm produces a differentiated good with labor productivity proportional to the skill level of its entrepreneur-manager. Worker consumers have a CES utility function. In equilibrium workers with intermediate skills choose to be informal entrepreneurs, whose profit depends on local demand, and workers with high skills choose to be formal entrepreneurs, whose profit depends on the demand from both local and global markets. The equilibrium dualism reflects the balance between the benefit of consumption diversity, which expands with local informal entrepreneurship, and that of productivity, which increases with greater concentration of employment in high-skill formal firms. External trade encourages formalization by supporting the import of consumption diversity and making formal firms more profitable and bigger. Improvement in skill distribution raises formalization by supplying a greater number of highly-productive formal firms and increasing export. The stylized model can account for the significant increase in formalization, and the changes in regional dispersion of employment, in Indonesia between 1995 and 2015 in relation to export growth and increased supply of educated workers. The second part of the paper brings the model to Indonesia province data to account for the cross-region heterogeneity in employment and formality, entrepreneur skills, wage rates, export, and local income tax revenue. The calibrated model is used to simulate the impact of a policy intervention—a reduction of income tax rate from 25% to 20%—on regional employment and tax revenue and on welfare across individuals of different skill levels. We find the tax rate reduction to raise formalization across regions, especially in regions with a lower export trade cost. The welfare of workers and formal entrepreneurs rise due to increased formal sector competitiveness. Except those near the formalization skill cutoff, who become formal entrepreneurs, the informal entrepreneurs suffer welfare loss due to increased labor cost. The tax rate reduction raises income tax revenue across regions, especially in regions with a lower trade cost.

报告人简介:符育明教授,新加坡国立大学。Professor Fu specializes in urban economics, real estate market analysis, and urban policy studies. His research has been published in leading international academic journals such as American Economic ReviewManagement Science, Journal of Urban EconomicsJournal of Regional Science, Regional Science and Urban EconomicsReal Estate Economics, and Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics. He has served in several senior positions at NUS, including interim director of NUS Institute of Real Estate Studies and vice dean of research at School of Design and Environment. He current serves as deputy head of research at Department of Real Estate.  He is a Fellow of Weimer School of Advanced Studies in Real Estate and Land Economics (USA) and served on the board of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association (AREUEA). He is an editorial board member of AREUEA's journal, Real Estate Economics.

 

报告题目:本土市场引致价值链竞争的影响效应研究

摘要:论文基于后金融危机时期,国内外企业基于本土市场展开价值链竞争的典型事实,把序贯生产特征纳入李嘉图框架和存在熊彼特式创新的内生增长模型中,考察了内需规模和价值链竞争对本土经济增长收敛、劳动力收入分配状况和整体社会福利的影响。并进一步分析了劳动力禀赋结构、研发效率和生产效率等外部条件变动的影响效应。数值模拟结果表明,内需规模扩张、人力资本提升、生产效率和研发效率提高都将对本土经济增长收敛和社会福利改善产生促进效应,而跨国公司驱动GVC能力却产生了抑制效应。

报告人简介:郑江淮教授,经济学博士,南京大学产业经济学系教授,博士生导师,经济学院副院长,国家教育部人文社科重点研究基地——南京大学长江三角洲经济社会发展研究中心研究员,《南大商学评论》副主编。

 

报告题目: Marshallian Externality, Industrial Upgrading and Industrial Policies

摘要:Why do industrial policies sometimes succeed but sometimes fail? A growth model with multiple industries is developed to explore how industries evolve as capital accumulates endogenously when each industry exhibits Marshallian externality (increasing returns to scale). We show that the laissez-faire market equilibrium is not always Pareto optimal. To achieve Pareto efficiency, it would require the government to identify the industry target consistent with the comparative advantage of factor endowment and to coordinate in a timely manner, possibly for multiple times. However, industrial policies may make people worse off than in the laissez-faire market equilibrium if the government picks an industry that deviates from the comparative advantage of the economy.

报告人简介:王勇,北京大学新结构经济学研究中心副主任(主管学术)、经济学副教授、博导。 芝加哥大学经济系博士,师从Myerson, Becker, Hansen, Lucas 等四位诺贝尔奖得主。曾任教于香港科技大学经济系。2010-2011学年担任世界银行常驻研究员,并于2008-2012期间担任世行的咨询专家。研究领域为经济增长、宏观发展与贸易、中国与印度经济等。最近研究包括结构转型、产业升级与产业政策、中等收入陷阱、内生性宏观政策、中美贸易与汇率。在Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Monetary Economics等国内外学术期刊发表论文十余篇。担任China Economic Review特约编辑。应邀在国际货币基金组织、世界银行、美国国务院、美国财政部、美国国际贸易委员会、美联储、亚洲开发银行与韩国金融研究所等政策机构介绍自己的研究和政策建议。承担中财办等机构委托的多部政策研究课题。著有《新结构经济学思与辩》(北京大学出版社)、《新结构经济学新在何处》(与林毅夫等合著)。

南京审计大学城市发展研究院版权所有

苏ICP备05007120号 江苏省南京市浦口区江浦街道雨山西路86号 邮编:211815