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徐旻鸿|Fraccidents: The Impact of Fracking on Road Traffic Deaths 发布时间: 2020-02-11   浏览次数: 10
徐旻鸿Yilan Xu合作的论文Fraccidents: The Impact of Fracking on Road Traffic Deaths已被国际期刊Journal of Environmental Economics and Management正式接受发表。
摘要:Hydraulic fracturing, a.k.a., fracking, requires intense truck trips to transport a large volume of water within a narrow time window, posing a safety threat to other road users. This paper examines how fracking-related trucking affects fatal crashes in North Dakota using the exogenous timing of fracking operations near a road segment. The results show that an additional post-fracking well within six miles of a road segment led to 8% more fatal crashes and 7.1% higher per-capita costs in accidents. Transport activities at wells’ other operational stages did not affect fatal crashes. These additional crashes emerged mainly from collisions involving trucks, resulting from a higher traffic volume rather than a higher crash rate and occurring during daytime rush hours rather than during the rest of the day. Alcohol-involved crash drivers increased most likely due to their vulnerability to heavier fracking-induced traffic rather than more alcohol-involved truck drivers near the fracking sites.


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